78 Press
From Toyota Australia



Toyota has launched a new workhorse LandCruiser range.

The 10-model LandCruiser 78 Series range has improved ride, cabin comfort, seats, safety and performance - while
maintaining the workhorse model's legendary reliability and durability.

Toyota has adopted coil-spring front suspension and new longer-leaf rear suspension across the board in LandCruiser
78 Series.

It has increased the track and wheelbase, and lengthened the cabin of Single Cab models, to improve ride, stability,
space and comfort.

Single Cab's wheelbase has been increased by 200mm (to 3180mm) and cabin length has been increased by 120mm.

Toyota has adopted the proven coil-spring, rigid axle front suspension from LandCruiser 100 Series.

The Single Cab cabin has a new all-welded construction, for increased safety, comfort and durability.

It has new instruments, moulded headlining, garnishes for the pillars, full-length vinyl floor covering and lining for the rear
of the cabin.

LandCruiser workhorse has new front seats, with significantly improved comfort and support, to reduce fatigue.

Toyota has completely redesigned the front-row seats to improve the range of adjustment and comfort for the driver and
front passengers.

The improved seats complement LandCruiser 78 Series' improved ride and the larger cabin in new Single Cab models.

Active safety has been improved by LandCruiser 78 Series' new suspension package and the adoption of larger front
disc brakes with four-spot calipers from LandCruiser 100 Series.

LandCruiser workhorse's engines and transmissions have also been improved.

LandCruiser 78 Series diesel has a high-altitude compensator, to reduce rich running (and hence emissions and engine oil
contamination) in the high country.

The improved diesel engine is matched to a new manual transmission (proven in LandCruiser 100 Series) and a shorter
final drive ratio - to improve performance.

However, diesel engine fuel economy has been improved by five percent at highway speeds.

The class-leading naturally aspirated diesel engine has a larger cooling fan. LandCruiser 78 Series petrol models have an
improved, more powerful 4.5 litre engine, which delivers class leading 165kW of power and 387Nm of torque.

The new engine has significantly improved performance and NVH, as well as the increased reliability and improved
emissions of direct ignition.

It is matched to a new, shorter final drive ratio in Single Cab models.



Toyota's new LandCruiser 78 Series workhorse 4x4 range has ten models, with the choice of two engine and three
body styles.

LandCruiser 78 Series has the choice of a class-leading 4.5 litre petrol engine or 4.2 litre naturally aspirated diesel
engine, each with five-speed overdrive manual transmission and two-speed transfer.

Body styles offered are Single Cab Cab/Chassis, Single Cab Utility and TroopCarrier.

The TroopCarrier body configuration is exclusive to Toyota in the workhorse 4WD class.

The full model range is:

diesel Cab/Chassis

diesel Single Cab utility

diesel 3-seat TroopCarrier

diesel 6-seat TroopCarrier

diesel 11-seat TroopCarrier

diesel RV TroopCarrier (with six seats)

petrol Cab/Chassis

petrol 3-seat TroopCarrier

petrol 6-seat TroopCarrier

petrol 11-seat TroopCarrier



The new Toyota LandCruiser 78 Series will this year be pivotal in achieving the company's dominant 40 percent share of
the four wheel drive workhorse market.

LandCruiser and HiLux hold clear number one positions in both the one tonne pick-up and heavy duty 4WD segments.

HiLux is on track to achieve better than 36 percent of the hard fought pick-up sector.

And LandCruiser's predecessor 70 Series holds more than 54 percent of the heavy duty market.

Demand for heavy duty vehicles remains constant, while call on pick-ups is likely to increase by more than 1000 vehicles
this year.

One tonne pick-ups comprise more than 77 percent of the entire pick-up and cab chassis market segment, up from 74
percent two years ago.

The market is expected to reach more than 42,000 this year, up from 40,761 in 1998 and 34,718 in 1997.

There is a strong liklihood that the launch of the new 78 Series LandCruiser will release latent demand in the heavy duty

Toyota's sales operations are aware of significant buyer demand for the new vehicle - and of buyers' intent to delay
purchase, sometimes by more than a year, in anticipation of 78 Series.

Buyers are principally from the business fleet sector, made up of primary and resource-based industries.

More than 60 percent of all sales come from business fleets, while strictly private recreational purchasers comprise less
than two percent of sales.

LandCruiser is the clear choice of rental companies and of government instrumentalities.

"The value of LandCruiser, especially to its primary purchasers, cannot be overstated," Toyota senior executive
vice-president John Conomos said.

"The market relies, sometimes absolutely, on LandCruiser not only for its economic wellbeing, but also for longterm

The new LandCruiser 78 Series had placed emphasis on the need to build on the strengths which are prized by its

"Value for money over the working life of the vehicle, changeover price, and reliability which reduces downtime are
LandCruiser attributes highly valued by owners," Mr Conomos said.

LandCruiser 78 Series' improvements have been in direct response to customer demand.

"The new vehicle reflects the needs of our long term customer base," Mr Conomos said.



More than 63 percent of all large four wheel drive workhorses bought this year will be naturally aspirated diesels.

And over 84 percent of those will be Toyota LandCruiser 70 and 78 Series.

Naturally aspirated diesels will remain the mainstay of the workhorse market into the foreseeable future.

However, Toyota is well placed also to capitalise on customer acceptance of alternative engines.

The emergence of alternative engine technology has opened the category to greater use of purpose-built petrol engines
as well.

Toyota is the only petrol engine supplier in the class.

Currently petrol take-up rate is just one percent, but Toyota believes 78 Series LandCruiser could provide substantial

"But now that buyers are starting to consider alternatives, there has been renewed interest in our 4.5 litre Twin Cam
multi-valve petrol engine," Toyota senior executive vice president John Conomos said.

The petrol engine dominates demand in the LandCruiser 100 Series wagon, including those bought for industrial use.

More than 57 percent of LandCruiser 100 Series sold are petrol.

"Consumer insistence on naturally aspirated diesel engines has to a degree restricted the development of the heavy duty
category," Mr Conomos said.

"Opening of awareness to the attributes of modern multi-valve petrol engines could create incremental demand which
drives the market upwards."



Toyota has resisted strong rationalisation of its heavy duty four wheel drive workhorse range to ensure it keeps faith with
customer needs.

It is the only manufacturer in the category to provide vehicles in all classes.

And with the exception of the pick-up market, it meets demand with both petrol and diesel models.

LandCruiser leads in the cab chassis class where it holds 55.1 percent share against Nissan.

And it leads the troopcarrier segment with 84.5 percent against LandRover Defender.

LandCruiser holds 46.6 percent of the relatively small 4x4 heavy pick-up sector. Pick Up demand is largely fulfilled by
the one tonne segment in which HiLux is number one.

"One of the principal contributors to Toyota's success has been its determination to meet the needs of its customers in all
markets," Toyota's senior executive vice- president John Conomos said.

"It would be unconscionable to service only segments of a market which has formed such a long-standing relationship
with and reliance on Toyota," he said.

Toyota has rationalised by only one vehicle in its new 78 Series range - the six seat petrol RV TroopCarrier.

Customer needs are still met in that segment by the 100 Series LandCruiser RV wagon.

Cab/Chassis demand comprises three quarters of all heavy duty four wheel drive sales.

TroopCarriers make up 20 percent and demand for utilities is just three percent.

Toyota has a petrol and diesel Cab/Chassis.

It has five TroopCarriers - an eleven-seat and three-seat model in both diesel and petrol and a six seat RV diesel.

It also offers a diesel utility.

Prices for the new Toyota range start from $45,100 for the petrol Cab/Chassis.

Specification based increases have been as low as $675 on the diesel RV TroopCarrier and have risen only to $1,371
on the diesel Pick-up and Cab/Chassis.

"Value for money has been the prevailing credo of LandCruiser over the life of the vehicle," Mr Conomos said.

"New LandCruiser 78 Series will continue a tradition of providing its customers with strong value for money even at


Fuel / Body Seats New RRP
Single Cab Petrol CC 3 $45,100

Diesel PU 3 $48,400

Diesel CC 3 $47,040
Wagon Petrol  11 $50,860

Petrol  6 $50,280
(Troopy) Petrol  3 $50,010

Diesel 11 $53,000

Diesel 6 $52,420

Diesel 3 $52,140

Diesel RV 6 $52,710



Toyota last month delivered its 400,000th LandCruiser in Australia since recordkeeping began in 1965.

At least five years of sales preceding 1965 could account for another 10,000 LandCruisers.

Deliveries of the heavy duty workhorse 4x4 LandCruiser had reached 232,388 by the end of August this year.

The popular LandCruiser wagon - now represented by the 100 Series - reached 172,567.

LandCruiser Wagon first went on sale in Australia in 1973, 14 years after the military series.

The military series' sales consistently outstripped wagon deliveries until the beginning of this decade, when the
recreational four wheel drive market took off.

But LandCruiser's military workhorse still remains the mainstay of rural and industrial users.

It has accounted for 44 percent of all LandCruiser deliveries in the last nine years.

"A lot is said about the recreational four wheel drive revolution," Toyota senior executive vice-president John Conomos

"But it's worth stating that LandCruiser started life as a working vehicle - and largely it fulfils that primary role today.

"More people still buy LandCruiser for work purposes than they do for recreation.

"Sales of the LandCruiser 100 Series wagon are to a great degree work-related.

"Toyota has sought to make LandCruiser more car-like in its controls and its comfort - not only as a means of appealing
to recreational buyers, but as a service to its industrial users."

More than 45 percent of all LandCruiser sales in Australia have occurred this decade.

Annual deliveries of the military series workhorse have remained remarkably consistent.

They have averaged 6700 since the first recorded year, and in the past decade have averaged 8400 with a high of 9295
and a low of 6870.

"The workhorse market is one of consistent demand," Mr Conomos said.

" Loyalties exist with farmers and miners which go back more than three decades.

"Our duty is always to serve them well."



Australia's most successful four wheel drive is a major sponsor of the Snowy Mountains Scheme's 50th anniversary.

The Toyota LandCruiser, which won its spurs on the Snowy Mountains Scheme, is Australia's largest selling four wheel

More than 404,000 have been sold since the first vehicle won its Australian reputation from 1959 during the construction
of the Snowy Mountains Scheme.

Toyota LandCruiser is supporting a number of events throughout 1999.

On Australia Day it sponsored The Snowy Challenge, an enduro event showcasing three Australian sports stars in the
heart of the Snowy Mountains country.

Gerry Tatrai, Susie Maroney and Pat Farmer respectively cycled, swam and ran their way from Tumut 2 Power Station
to the gateway of the Snowy Mountains, Cooma.

The Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Authority launched a commemorative book and a photographic exhibition in July,
fully documenting the Scheme's history.

The 50th Anniversary Reunion Picnic in Jindabyne takes place next weekend.

Toyota senior executive vice-president John Conomos said the Snowy Mountains Scheme and LandCruiser were linked
in history.

"LandCruiser played an important role in the Australian construction activity on the hydro-electric scheme.

"It helped Les Thiess - head of Thiess Constructions - prove the efficiency of his local construction company against
strong international competition," Mr Conomos said.

Sir Leslie Thiess was impressed by a privately imported LandCruiser working on his Tumut Ponds site.

He made a point of visiting Toyota president Eiji Toyoda when next in Japan and secured the Australian franchise.

He imported an initial shipment of 13 vehicles, most of which worked on the Snowy Mountains Scheme. Toyota has
been the four wheel drive market leader in Australia for more than 25 years.

In 1998 Toyota accounted for more than 36 percent of an all-time record delivery of 137,300 four wheel drives.

Toyota's 11-model LandCruiser 100 Series range was voted 4WD of the Year by leading off-road magazine 4X4



Toyota's LandCruiser won its place in the Australian motoring scene in an evolution which paralleled that of the Snowy
Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme where it made its first impact in 1958.

Sir Leslie Thiess of Thiess Contractors first commissioned the use of 13 LandCruisers to assist with the Tooma-Tumut
tunnel contract his company had won.

By 1960 the Snowy Mountains Scheme was 80 percent complete and the demands made on the vehicles working there
had changed.

"A majority of the roads had become well established and in reasonable condition," said English-born Bert Knowles,
head of the Scheme's Base Workshops in Cooma at the time.

"The LandCruisers played a major offroad role in building the Snowy Mountains Scheme, but also set new standards by
combining highway and four wheel drive capabilities.

"The Toyota LandCruiser provided sedan-like ride and comfort on the bitumen and then coped extremely well when the
going got tougher in the mountains," Mr Knowles said.

"Its smooth highway performance did not compromise its four wheel drive capabilities."

The first LandCruiser purchased by the Snowy Mountains Authority was used by works supervisor and safety officer
Les White.

"Les is well over six feet tall and was renowned for being extremely hard on vehicles," Mr Knowles said.

"Providing him with a new make was a good test. Not only did the LandCruisers cope, they forged a formidable
reputation for reliability.

"I don't recall one ever having serious mechanical problems."

Over 80 Toyota LandCruisers, Prados and RAV4 now operate throughout the Scheme.

Toyota Australia is a major sponsor of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme's 50th Anniversary Celebrations.



Toyota's LandCruiser 78 Series workhorse range has new suspension front and rear.

It has coil-spring rigid-axle front suspension and long-leaf rear suspension for improved ride and handling, while retaining
full one-tonne payload capability on all models except recreational RV.

Toyota has also increased workhorse LandCruiser's track to improve stability.

Front and rear track have been increased by 20mm, to 1435mm and 1420mm respectively.

Single Cab models have a 200mm increase in wheelbase.

LandCruiser 78 Series' coil-spring front suspension system has been proved in Australia on 80 Series and 100 Series
six-cylinder models.

It provides increased stability and wheel articulation, and improved suspension compliance - for increased ride comfort.

Adopting coil springs has meant the front spring rate can be tuned to provide supple ride comfort, because the springs no
longer have to fulfil an axle location function.

Axle capacity has been increased by 60kg and wheel stroke has been increased.

Durability features include the strong I-beam leading arms, which in addition to their axle location function serve to
protect the steering arm from potential damage from rocks and obstacles in 4x4 driving.

Toyota LandCruiser 78 Series has adopted longer-leaf rear springs for improved ride comfort.

Leaf length has been increased by 172mm, while retaining load-carrying capacity.

A rear stabiliser bar has been adopted on all TroopCarriers.

Low-pressure gas-filled dampers are used front and rear, reducing the chance of damper fluid cavitation.

Approach and departure angles have been increased.

The new suspension has been calibrated to suit Australian conditions and driving tastes.

LandCruiser 78 Series has also adopted a new wheel-fixing system. It has five by 14mm wheel studs, the same system
used on LandCruiser 100 Series. The larger diameter wheel studs and larger pitch circle improve wheel clamping.



Toyota's new workhorse LandCruiser 78 Series Single Cab has more cabin space.

Toyota has increased the wheelbase of Single Cab Cab/Chassis and utility by 200mm, to 3180mm.

Most of the increased wheelbase has been allocated to increased cabin space.

LandCruiser 78 Series single cab is 120mm longer than the cabin of superseded LandCruiser, for increased comfort and
storage space.

Toyota has further increased occupant comfort by increasing driver's and passenger seat fore/aft adjustment range by
30mm, adding 15mm to seat cushion length and increasing seat recline range by four degrees.

Useable legroom has been increased.

Workhorse LandCruiser's load length has also been increased.

Toyota has added 80mm to the tray length of Single Cab Cab/Chassis and utility.

The additional 80mm of space is between the front of the tray and the rear axle, for optimum fore/aft payload distribution
and hence maximum useable load area.

Furthermore, the 200mm increase in wheelbase allows for a theoretical tray length increase of another 120mm aft of the
rear axle (for a total increase of 200mm).



Toyota's LandCruiser 78 Series has a new, more comfortable interior - while retaining the workhorse range's trademark

LandCruiser's Single Cab has been redesigned to increase safety and durability.

It is now fully welded for maximum strength.

Improvements to LandCruiser's interior include increased cabin space and useable legroom, and a fully lined cabin in
Single Cab models, and all-new front-row seats for all models.

Useable legroom has also been increased in TroopCarrier.

LandCruiser 78 Series Single Cab is now fully cabin lined.

It has moulded headlining, garnishes for the pillars, full-length vinyl floor covering and lining for the rear of the cabin.

In addition, LandCruiser 78 Series Single Cab has new door seals, which in combination with the new welded cabin
reduce wind noise.

Driver comfort has been optimised by adopting a new clutch, with less pedal effort, and new transmissions with reduced
shift effort.

However, the new clutch still gives adequate feel for drivers in work boots.

A new one-piece shift lever boot has been adopted, for the gearshift and transfer levers. Toyota's front-row seat has a
more usable centre position than its major competitor, which has a large centre console around the shift and transfer

The transfer levers are positioned closer to the driver rather than intruding into the centre passenger leg room.

Workhorse LandCruiser has a new backlit instrument panel, with electronic speedometer, digital odometer with dual trip
meters, door-ajar warning lamp, glow plug warning lamp, fuel filter warning lamp and fuel gauge for both tanks.

In addition, LandCruiser 78 Series has a lockable glove box and cup holders for Single Cab models.

Toyota has retained quarter vent windows, to maximise cabin ventilation.



Toyota's new LandCruiser 78 Series has significantly improved seat comfort.

Toyota has completely redesigned the front-row seats in LandCruiser workhorse to improve driver and front passenger
comfort and support.

The improved seats complement LandCruiser 78 Series' improved ride and, in the new Single Cab models,
LandCruiser's larger cabin.

Seat improvements include: an extension in the distance from hip point to the top of the head restraint, to meet European
safety regulations increasing the thickness of the head restraint support shafts from 10mm to 12mm, for increased safety
a 30mm increase in fore/aft slide adjustment for driver and front passengers
a four degree increase in Single Cab driver's seat recline angle (to 22 degrees recline), for improved adjustability
a 15mm increase in driver and front passenger seat cushion length, for improved thigh support
moving the driver and front passenger seat back spring aft by 20mm and tuning the padding shape, to improve lumbar
increasing driver and passenger seat-back padding, for more lumbar support and seat-back hold
revising seat padding damping rate (increased foam density) for the driver and passenger seat, to improve cushion
hardness performance
additional driver's seat cushion padding at the hip point (by 25mm downward and 5mm upward), to improve the shock
absorption performance of the seat cushion
additional driver's seat cushion side padding near the hip point, and revised seat padding hardness at the front edge, to
improve seat cushion hold
reducing passenger's seat padding near the hip point and increasing the seat padding for the thighs, to improve the angle
of the seat cushion and hence reduce the chances of the passengers slipping forward in the seat
moving the driver and passenger's seatback frame rearward by 15mm within the seat, to reduce transferred vibrations to
seat occupant
changing the driver and passenger seat cushion spring pattern from transverse to longitudinal, to reduce the chance of the
seat "bottoming out"
relocating the driver and passenger seat slide adjuster levers from the door side to the floor tunnel side of the seat, and
moving the driver's side lever forward by 10mm, for increased convenience and safety
moving the holes for the front passenger's head restraint and the hole for the inner seatbelt 30mm closer to the centre of
the vehicle, to increase comfort when there is one front passenger.



Toyota's new LandCruiser workhorse range maintains the reliability, durability and toughness of its famous predecessors.

New reliability and durability features have been added to the proven LandCruiser workhorse package - to meet local
customer demands for a hard-working, long-lasting vehicle.

Toyota has improved LandCruiser workhorse's reliability and durability with:
dual fuel tanks as standard equipment, to increase range
a new all-welded integral cabin on Single Cab models, for increased strength and safety, and reduced dust and water
entry and corrosion
increased battery capacity (by 8 percent), to power winches and accessory lamps
an air cleaner warning lamp
increased front brake pad area and adoption of four-spot front calipers in lieu of two-spot calipers
a new five-bolt wheel stud pattern, with a larger pitch circle, to increase clamping force
increased wheelbase and deck and cabin length in Single Cab models, to provide optimum fore/aft weight distribution
increased GVM, to maintain payload capacity
increased number of differential pinions from two to four, to increase durability
increased size of the side gear and axle spline diameter of the drive shafts, for increased durability
a High Altitude Compensator for the 4.2 litre diesel engines, and
new transmissions with improved synchromesh and operability and ease of use.

Toyota's workhorse LandCruiser diesel engine adopted a fully sealed timing belt cover as a running change in May
1998, to improve durability.

LandCruiser's diesel engine is the most powerful naturally aspirated diesel in the 4x4 class.

Toyota has retained LandCruiser's proven durability and usability package.

This includes split-rim wheels with durable off-road tyres, quarter-vent windows, rear limited slip differential and the
option of factory front and rear differential locks (a feature not matched by any competitors).

LandCruiser has retained its payload and towing capacity advantages over Nissan Patrol.

LandCruiser's GVM has been increased to 3200kg. LandCruiser 78 Series has a towing capacity of 3.5 tonnes where
state regulations permit.

LandCruiser's transfer box has a power take-off unit (PTO) breakout point, to power auxiliary equipment such as
pumps or winches.

Toyota's new LandCruiser workhorse Single-Cab has an all-welded cabin.

The new stronger cabin significantly increases safety, comfort and durability.

It has an integral welded roof and welded transmission cover, and more unitary parts.

The number of individual cabin parts has been reduced by seven percent, reducing the chance of corrosion and dust



Toyota engineers undertook a major investigation to tailor their new workhorse LandCruiser 78 Series to Australian
customers and conditions.

The LandCruiser 78 Series development process included two specific major evaluations, in addition to regular
scheduled engineering visits.

They resulted in substantial improvements to LandCruiser in workspace, cabin ergonomics, seat comfort and position
and increased storage areas.

Australia is an ongoing evaluation site for Toyota's LandCruiser programs - and it is constantly part of LandCruiser

A LandCruiser workhorse survey team specifically visited Australia in the second quarter 1997, as part of its worldwide
study prior to the design of the new model.

The survey team test drove LandCruiser 75 Series and competitor vehicles in the Northern Territory and North
Queensland, as well as visiting mine sites and meeting with 4x4 tourist operators and fleet operators.

The study found that driver comfort was a significant issue not met in contemporary terms by any vehicle supplier.

However much of LandCruiser's existing specification was considered to be superior to opposition product.

Australian specification workhorse LandCruiser retains optional differential locks, split- rims, vinyl interior (floor mats
and seats) and quarter vent windows as a direct result of this study tour.

All were considered by users to be essential specifications.

It also retains audio speaker location in the dashboard (rather than the door trims), to prevent unintentional damage to
the speakers during creek crossings.

A LandCruiser 78 Series prototype evaluation was carried out during 1998, again with competitor vehicles. Importantly
the major cabin improvements in the new vehicle were highly regarded by operators across the region.

The prototype testing resulted in further upgrades for Australian conditions, including increased battery capacity (for
powering winches) and a new combination of intake air snorkel and air cleaner warning.

Superseded LandCruiser 75 Series did not have an air cleaner warning on snorkel-equipped models.

Evaluation of production models of LandCruiser 78 will be a continuing process.



Toyota's new LandCruiser 78 Series has increased active safety. The new LandCruiser workhorse range has a larger
footprint on the road, improved suspension and larger brakes.

Workhorse LandCruiser's track has been increased by 20mm front and rear, for increased stability. The wheelbase of
Single Cab models has been increased by 200mm.

LandCruiser 78 Series' new long-travel, coil-spring front suspension has been proved on 100 Series six-cylinder wagon

It offers improved ride comfort, steering, handling and stability, while increasing wheel articulation and axle capacity.

The new long-travel leaf-spring rear suspension further improves ride, while maintaining payload capacity.

LandCruiser's improved ride comfort and new driver's seat contribute to significantly reduced driver fatigue and hence
greater active safety.

In addition, LandCruiser 78 Series has adopted larger 322mm x 32mm ventilated front discs and four-piston opposed
calipers from LandCruiser 100 Series.

This compares with 302mm x 20mm front discs and two-piston calipers on superseded LandCruiser 75 Series.

These changes have significantly reduced LandCruiser's stopping distances when fully laden.

LandCruiser 78 Series TroopCarrier has a rear sway bar, for improved roll control and hence better handling.

Workhorse LandCruiser's high seating position and military style front fenders provide optimum front visibility in 4x4

LandCruiser 78 has superior front vision to its key competitor.



Toyota's new workhorse LandCruiser 78 Series has improved passive safety.

Toyota has redesigned and re-engineered the Single Cab for workhorse models to achieve greater rigidity.

The new cabin is fully welded and has a reinforced roof.

Passive safety features in all 78 Series models include:
side door impact protection beams
an energy absorbing steering column
three front-seat seat belts, and
door ajar warning lamp.

LandCruiser 78 Series Pick-up has cargo tie-down hooks as standard equipment.



Toyota's new workhorse LandCruiser 78 Series has an improved diesel engine.

It is the second improvement to workhorse LandCruiser's class-leading 4.2 litre naturally aspirated single-overhead
camshaft 1HZ diesel engine in 18 months.

On-highway fuel economy has been improved by five percent.

The new LandCruiser diesel engine has a high-altitude compensator to reduce rich running in the high country.

The HAC therefore lowers engine emissions and minimises engine oil contamination.

Toyota has improved engine cooling by increasing fan blade diameter from 450 to 470mm. Fuel efficiency has been
increased and noise has been decreased by adopting a three-stage viscous fan coupling in lieu of the two-stage on the
superseded LandCruiser 75 Series.

In addition, the improved LandCruiser 78 Series diesel has a 10 percent increase in alternator capacity (to 110 Amps)
and an aluminium radiator.

LandCruiser's 1HZ engine was upgraded in May 1998 to meet European emissions standards.

Improvements at that time included a new piston and combustion chamber design, large injector nozzle holes, new
injection timing, a new glow-plug system, increased oil pan capacity and the adoption of an hydraulic cam chain tensioner.

The improvements increased maximum torque, increased engine service intervals, reduced exhaust emissions, reduced
noise, improved piston wear resistance and improved reliability and durability.

Emissions of HC and NOx are 35 percent of those mandated by the Federal Government.

LandCruiser's diesel engine delivers 96kW of power at 4000rpm and 285Nm of torque at 2200rpm.



Toyota's new LandCruiser 78 Series has the most powerful engine in the 4x4 workhorse class.

It has the improved 4.5 litre EFI-equipped Toyota 1FZ-FE engine, which debuted in LandCruiser 100 Series.

The improved petrol engine has more power and, by a significant margin, the most torque of any workhorse 4x4 engine.

It has 7kW more power and 14Nm more torque than the superseded LandCruiser 75 Series petrol six, without
sacrificing fuel economy.

The 4477cc engine delivers 165kW of power at 4600rpm and 387Nm of torque at 3600rpm.

It has more torque than the superseded powerplant from 2800rpm to beyond 4000, with 312Nm available at just

The new engine improves 0-100km/h performance by up to 11 percent (TroopCarrier model).

Toyota's 1FZ-FE engine was redesigned throughout for the introduction of LandCruiser 100 Series.

These benefits have flowed on to the workhorse models.

Power and torque were improved by adopting longer intake runners, new short-skirt pistons with higher piston rings to
reduce dead air volume, an all-stainless steel exhaust system with fabricated headers and new engine electronics.

A revised cylinder head provides enlarged inlet ports and a revised combustion chamber design with increased squish
area and larger valve seats.

Fuel system improvements include the adoption of full sequential injection with four-hole injectors and a hot-wire type
air-flow meter for greater mixture accuracy.

The improved engine adopts direct ignition with three igniters and multiplex diagnostics.

Direct ignition improves reliability and emissions, and reduces service time.

NVH countermeasures include a redesigned cylinder block, with additional strengthening ribs, and reduced reciprocating
mass achieved by adopting lightweight pistons.

Emission levels have been reduced compared with the superseded LandCruiser 75 Series petrol engine.



Toyota's workhorse new LandCruiser 78 Series range of Single Cab and Troop Carrier models has a new front mask.

The LandCruiser 78 Series Single Cab models (Cab Chassis and Pick-up) have an all-welded integral `cabin with
one-piece roof and one-piece floor.

The new cabin increases strength, safety, durability and dust-sealing, and reduces NVH.

LandCruiser's front mask has a new grille and new front combination lamps.

Seven exterior colours are offered for Single Cab, and six for TroopCarrier.

The colours are: French vanilla, Pewter (Pick up and Cab chassis only), Red Fury, Sandy Taupe,Mustard, Jungle Green
and Midnight Blue.
The End